Lotteries and gambling – ‘lotteries' are a species within the genus of ‘gambling.' – One of the essential features of a lottery is its inherent gambling nature, which persists irrespective of whether the lottery scheme is conducted by the Government of India, Government of a State or by a private entity. ‘Gambling' activities include a whole gamut of activities, including, but not limited to ‘lotteries.' – Sale of a lottery ticket involves two elements, namely, (i) the right to participate in a draw; and (ii) the right to win the prize, dependent on chance. Therefore, sale of a lottery ticket is in the nature of a transfer of an actionable claim or a chose in action.